In the context of society, organization and administration are central elements to success, stability, the satisfaction of citizens and strongly subject to the rule of law. Inherent in the understanding of good governance in this sense are the principles of participation which should be informed and organised, mediation of the different interests in society to form a consensus that is not only concerned with the immediate but also the long term and is equitable and inclusive of all citizens. Decision makers should be accountable to society in general and particularly to those affected by the decisions made or actions taken on its behalf. This requires a just and transparent framework against which these can be taken within a reasonable time frame, comprising laws and regulations which are enforceable through an independent judiciary and impartial and incorruptible police force. Furthermore, the decisions made and actions taken should be done so in an effective and efficient manner, that is to say, making the best use of the resources available to them aiming at producing the best outcomes, with a view to ensuring sustainability as much as possible.
Dealing with governance involves the analysis of the processes and systems by which a society or organization operates as well as an understanding of the respective international, national, regional and local contexts. Good governance embodies processes that are participatory, consensus oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, equitable and inclusive, and which follow the rule of law.